Haryana is a state in north India. It was carved out of the state of Punjab in 1966. It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and Rajasthan to the west and south. Eastern border to Uttarakhand & Uttar Pradesh is defined by river Yamuna. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region. The capital of Haryana is Chandigarh which is administered as a union territory and is also the capital of Punjab.
Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is located between 27°37′ to 30°35′ N latitude and between 74°28′ and 77°36′ E longitude. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 to 3600 ft (200 metres to 1200 metres) above sea level. An area of 1,553 km² is covered by forest. Haryana has four main geographical features.
* The Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state
* The Shivalik Hills to the northeast
* Semi-desert sandy plain to the southwest
* The Aravalli Range in the south
The principal mineral occurring in Haryana are china clay in Faridabad, Guragaon and Rewari districts; limestone in Ambala, Bhiwani, Mahendragarh and Panchkula districts; quartz/silica sand in Bhiwani, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Mahendragarh districts; quartzite in Faridabad and Gurgaon districts and slate in Mahendragarh and Gurgaon districts. Besides, barytes, calcite, feldspar and marble occur in Mahendragarh district; copper in Bhiwani and mahendragarh districts; dolomite in Ambala and Mahendragarh districts; Granite in Bhiwani district; tin and tungsten mineralization have been located in Tosham area of Bhiwani district.