Noise generated from machineries, industries, vehicles, power stations, loud speakers and other activities not only cause health hazard to human beings, but also cause stress. In exercise of the powers conferred by clause (ii) of sub-section (2) of section 3, sub-section (I) and clause (b) of sub-section (2) of section 6 and section 25 of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 (29 of 1986) read with rule 5 of the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, the Central Government made the Noise Pollution (Regulation and Control) rules-2000, for the regulation and control of noise producing and generating sources.
‘Silence Zone’ is defined as an area comprising not less than 100 metres around hospitals, educational institutions and courts. The silence zones which are declared as such by the competent authority. The Board issues the industries violating the Board’s instructions with closure direction. The Police Department has to take action in case of other type of noise pollution. As per the rules, persons are not to use the loudspeakers or addressing system without the prior permission of the Police Department.