After Bhopal disaster in 1984 claiming 3000 lives or so, the Central Government enacted the Environmental (Protection) Act in May-1986. It came into force in whole of India on 19 th November-1986. It is a “general” legislation on environmental protection, enabling the coordination of the activities of the various regulatory bodies, and the creation of an authority with adequate powers to protect and improve the environment, and give “deterrent punishment” to those endangering it. It is one of the most stringent Acts that Government has passed to protect the environment and prevention of hazards to human beings, living creatures, plant and properties. This Act is an umbrella legislation providing a single focus in the country for the protection of environment and seeks to plug the loopholes of earlier legislation relating to environment. Several sets of Rules relating to various aspects of management of hazardous chemicals, wastes, micro-organisms etc. have been notified under this Act.